Endometrial cancer is also called uterine cancer. This is a cancer in which atypical cells appear in the inner layer of the uterus.
In most cases, the disease develops in postmenopausal women (45-75 years old). Due to a mutation in the DNA structure of the endometrium, the cells begin to divide uncontrollably, and a tumor appears. Over time, if untreated, the neoplasm extends beyond the inner lining of the uterus, invading the muscular layer and affecting the pelvic organs. With the flow of blood and lymph, cancer cells can spread throughout the body, causing the appearance of distant metastases.
Symptoms and signs
Uterine bleeding is the main symptom of endometrial cancer. Also, the discharge can be scanty, streaked with blood, with mucus. In women of reproductive age, heavy menstruation or intermenstrual bleeding is observed. There is pain in the abdomen, discomfort during sex, you may experience discomfort when urinating. In the later stages, back and leg pain may be added.
There is a set of factors that increase the probability of pathology, among them: the early appearance os menstruation (before 12), late menopause, absence of childbirth, diabetes, obesity, hormone replacement therapy with estrogen, the use of tamoxifen.
With appearance of any unusual discharge, intermenstrual bleedings or bleedings in menopause it is obligatory to visit gynecologist. PAP-test is not informative for diagnostics of endometrial cancer. USI is obligatory performed. Diagnosis is set by the results of endometrial biopsy. If histology confirms cancer pathology, then for theevaluation of the spread of the disease CT, MRI, PET-CT, colonoscopy may be prescribed.
In the early stages the disease may be surgically cured – uterus, ovaries, uterine tubes, pelvic lymph nodes are removed. At 3-4 stage, a distant radiotherapy and brachytherapy are prescribed, and chemotherapy, targeted and immunotherapy can also be used. In some cases, hormone therapy is prescribed.
Diagnostics and treatment in LISOD
In the Hospital of Israeli Oncology the newest methods of diagnostics and treatment of endometrial cancer are applied. A complete physical examination of a woman is performed which allows to set an accurate diagnosis. A multidisciplinary team of specialists determines an optimal tactics of the therapy. Treatment is prescribed in accordance with the recommendations of international medical protocols. Surgeries are performed laparoscopically – without large incisions and scars, with minimal blood loss, the patient quickly recovers and returns to the usual way of life. Linear accelerators Varian, modern brachytherapy allow affecting the tumor very accurately, healthy tissues do not feel the negative influence of radiation. An attentive attitude towards every woman, comfortable conditions – all this is also very important. You
can be sure that you are in the safe hands of experienced doctors and that you are getting the right treatment. Do not be afraid to address for the consultation! Timely diagnosed disease and effective therapy will allow achieving good results and forgetting about the disease forever!
Apply for consultation to oncogynecologist:
0-800-500-110 – free-of-charge all over Ukraine;
+38-044-277-8-277 – daily from 9:00 am till 8:00 pm.