March is a month of fight against colorectal cancer. The problem is very relevant, because according to statistics of World Health Organization, about 1.8 million new cases of colon and rectal cancer are registered annually in the world, and more than 860 thousand people die.
In Ukraine, this is one of the most common oncological diseases, each year about 16 thousand new cases are diagnosed.
Screening - the best prevention
It should be kept in mind that most cases of intestinal cancer begins from the appearance of polyps, which eventually degenerate into malignant ones. It is possible to detect them only during a routine screening examination – a colonoscopy. In LISOD - Hospital of Israeli Oncology, such a procedure is performed under a medications sleep, completely painless and safe for the patient. The doctor can not only examine suspicious areas or take a biopsy, but also remove polyps, thus conducting the prevention of gastro-intestinal cancer.
Read more about screening colonoscopy in LISOD here:
What to pay attention to?
In the early stages, the disease has no specific symptoms, patients tend to consider its manifestations as digestive disorders. Therefore, in the case of any unusual manifestations on the part of the intestine, it is imperative that you consult with a specialist and try in no way to resort to self-treatment. Remember that the basis for effective gastro-intestinal cancer treatment is timely diagnostics.
Symptoms may include:
* Constipation or diarrhea that lasts more than two weeks.
* Blood in the stool (fecal occult blood test can also show it).
* Change in the shape of the stool (like a ribbon or a pencil) due to the narrowing of the bowel lumen.
* Weight loss without diets and lifestyle changes.
* Constant bloating.
Most often people over 50 fell ill with colorectal cancer, and the older the person is, the higher the risk.
If a close relative suffered from gastro-intestinal cancer, especially if the diagnosis was made before the age of 50, the risk of getting sick increases.
Unfavourable factors are overweight, unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, smoking, alcohol.
How to reduce the risk of gastro-intestinal cancer?
- Various fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains should be present in daily diet.
- Minimize or eliminate red meat and processed meat products (cold smoked meats, sausages, deli meats).
- Alcohol consumption should be avoided or drunk in a moderate quantity.
- It is worth quitting smoking.
- Keep an active lifestyle, exercise at least 30-40 minutes 5 times a week. Even walking 30 minutes a day will make you healthier.
- If you are overweight, take steps to gradually bring it back to normal.
- Avoid excessive use of antibiotics. Sometimes antibiotics are necessary for treatment, but the abuse of such medications and taking them without a doctor's prescription increases the risk of several types of cancer.
- And most importantly, go through regular screening tests to prevent colon cancer. Removal of polyps during screenings is the prevention of cancer of the intestines.
Sign up for a consultation or screening in LISOD:
0-800-500-110 – free-of-charge in Ukraine;
+38-044-277-8-277 – from 9 am till 8 pm.